Level : advanced intermediate-advanced
Target Audience: Speakers of Asian languages who have difficulty distinguishing between L and R
Total time: 1 hour plus
Type & Subject: Listening and speaking exercise
Materials Needed: R-L worksheets
Lesson Objective: To learn the differences between L and R and practice pronouncing them
Assumptions: Students have a reasonable grasp of English
Anticipated Problems & Solutions: Difficulty in explaining mouth positions.
Solution – Accompanying sheets with specific diagrams
Strategy 1: Introduction of Minimal Pairs (awareness)
Time: 10-15 min
Purpose of Procedure: to gain awareness of minimal pairs and accurate pronunciation
Presentation/Pre-teach: Explanation of what minimal pairs. Explanation that L and R are minimal pairs in English.
CCQs: What is a minimal pair? Can you think of any words that are minimal pairs? What sounds do you have trouble pronouncing? How do you plan on improving your pronunciation? How can you befit by improving your pronunciation? Why is improving pronunciation important to you?
Problems & Solutions: Students might get bored listening to the teacher read
Solution – Thoroughly prepare introduction to cut down on time to quickly move on to activity. Ask CCQs to keep up interest levels and not have the teacher over explain.
Strategy 2: Positions of L and R
Time 10-15 min
Purpose of Procedure: Students develop speaking skills of R/L in all word positions
Presentation/Pre-teach: separate into groups of two with worksheets
Pairs: Pairs read R/L in different positions of words. Students check each other for correct pronunciation
Strategy 3: Pronunciation of non-sense words
Time 10-15 min
Purpose of Procedure: For students to grasp mechanics of pronunciation without context of words
Pairs: Students read nonsense words while being checked for pronunciation by their partner
Problems & Solutions: Students may become bored working with the same partner
Solution – switch partners
Strategy 4: Speaking Exercises
Purpose of Procedure: For students to practice production skills with their new awareness of L/R in speaking
Pairs: Students use words that have Ls and Rs to create unique sentences in pairs